Patterns and Relations
Demonstrate an understanding of repeating pattern (two or three elements) by: identifying, reproducing, extending, creating patterns using manipulatives, sounds, and actions.
• Distinguish between repeating patterns and non-repeating sequences by identifying the part that repeats.
• Copy a repeating pattern (e.g., actions, sound, colour, size, shape, or orientation) and describe the pattern.
• Extend repeating patterns by two more repetitions.
• Create a repeating pattern, using manipulatives, musical instruments, or actions and describe the pattern.
• Identify and describe a repeating pattern in the classroom, the school, and outdoors (e.g., in a familiar song, in a nursery rhyme, in a game, on the street, on the playground).
Say the whole number sequence by 1s starting anywhere from 0 to 10 and from 10 to 0.
• State the whole number that comes after a given number, zero to nine.
• State the whole number that comes before a given number, one to ten.
• Recite the whole number names from a given number to a stated number (forward - zero to ten, backward - ten to zero) using visual aids.
Recognize, at a glance, and name familiar arrangements of 1 to 5 objects, dots, or pictures.
• Look briefly at a given familiar arrangement of 1 to 5 objects or dots, and identify the whole number that represents the number of objects or dots without counting.
• Identify the whole number that represents an arrangement of objects, dots, or pictures on a five frame.
Relate a numeral, 0 to 10, to its respective quantity.
• Construct or draw a set of objects corresponding to a given numeral.
• Identify the number of objects in a set.
• Hold up the appropriate number of fingers for a given numeral.
• Match numerals with pictorial representations.
Represent the partitioning of whole numbers (1 to 10) concretely and pictorially.
• Show a whole number in two parts, using fingers, counters or other objects and name the number of objects in each part.
• Show a whole number in two parts, using pictures, and name the number of objects in each part.
Compare quantities, 0 to 10, using one-to-one correspondence.
• Construct a set to show more than, fewer than, or as many objects as in a given set of objects.
• Compare two sets through direct comparison, and describe the relationship between the sets using words such as: more, fewer, as many as, or the same number.
Shape and Space
Use direct comparison to compare two objects based on a single attribute, such as length including height, mass, volume, capacity.
• Compare the length or height of two objects and explain how they compare using the words shorter, longer, taller, or almost the same.
• Compare the mass of two objects and explain how they compare using the words lighter, heavier, or almost the same.
• Compare the volume of two objects or capacity of two containers and explain how they compare using the words less, more, bigger, smaller, or almost the same.
Sort 3-D objects using a single attribute.
• Sort a set of familiar 3-D objects using a single attribute, such as size or shape, and explain the sorting rule.
• Determine the difference between two pre-sorted sets by identifying the sorting rule used to sort each of them.
Build and describe 3-D objects.
• Create a representation of a 3-D object using materials such as modelling clay and building blocks, and compare the representation to the original 3-D object.
• Describe a 3-D object using words such as big, little, round, like a box, and like a can.